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Andrew Jackson


Born in Lancaster County, South Carolina. He had little formal education. Married Rachel Donelson Robards in 1791 before her divorce from a previous husband was final. He married her again in 1794. They had no children.

He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1787. Served in House of Representatives December 5, 1796, to March 3, 1797. Elected to the U.S. Senate and served March 4, 1797, to April 1798. Tennessee supreme court judge 1798 to July 24, 1804. On May 30, 1806, he killed Charles Dickenson in a duel, one of many he survived.

During the War of 1812 Jackson made a march from Natchez, Mississippi, to Nashville, Tennessee. His courage and endurance earned him the nickname "Old Hickory." He commanded the troops at New Orleans for the victory over the British January 8, 1915.

Governor of Florida March 10, 1821, to July 18, 1821. Served again in Senate March 4, 1823, to October 14, 1825.

Jackson spoke at a Jefferson birthday celebration April 13, 1830. He made this statement, "Our Federal Union: it must be preserved." Variations on this quote would appear on Hard Times Tokens. Served as 7th President March 4, 1829, to March 3, 1837. In 1933 Jackson withdrew federal deposits from the Second Bank of the United States. In 1836 Jackson issued his "Specie Circular" requiring payment for public lands in gold and silver. These actions led to the money crisis of 1937. He retired to The Hermitage near Nashville, Tennessee, where he died and is buried.

Congress honored Jackson with a gold medal by resolution February 27, 1815, for his victory at new Orleans. The 65 mm medal (Julian MI-15) was by Moritz Furst. The original gold medal is now in the ANS collection. It was found in a pawnshop. The mint sold copies from the original dies. They also sold modern restrikes (USM 417).

Jackson appears on the Indian Peace medal in three sizes. Obverse was by Moritz Furst. The reverse was the standard design by John Reich. The 51 mm medal (Julian IP-16) was first produced in 1831. The 62 mm medal (Julian IP-15) was sold to the public in 1861. The 76 mm medal (Julian IP-14) was part of the series of standard 3 inch medals available to the public. A modern copy of this size is still sold by the mint (USM 107).

Jackson appears on paper money:

$1 Bank of East Tennessee, Knoxville TN

$1 Mechanics Bank of Memphis, Tennessee

$2 Corn Exchange Bank of Wapun, Wisconsin

$3 Central Bank of Alabama in Montgomery

$3 American Bank of Baltimore, Maryland

$3 Mechanics Bank of Memphis, Tennessee

$5 Farmers & Merchants Bank, Cecil Cnty, MD

$5 Bank of America in Clarksville, Tennessee

$5 Manufacturers Bank of Macon, Georgia, 186

2 $5 Mechanics Bank of Concord, New Hampshire

$5 Mechanics Bank of Memphis, Tennessee

$5 Southern Bank of Tennessee in Memphis

$5 United States legal tender note, series of 1869, 1875, 1878, 1880, 1907

$10 Mechanics Bank of Concord, New Hampshire

$10 State of Tennessee, 1875

$10 Bank of Tennessee in Nashville

$10 Federal Reserve note, series of 1914

$10 Federal Reserve bank note, series 1915, 1918

$10 United States legal tender note, series of 1923

$20 National bank note, 1929

$20 Gold certificate, series of 1928, 1928A

$20 Federal Reserve note, series of 1928 and later

$50 6 percent interest bearing note

$1000 Confederate States of America, Montgomery, 1861

$10,000 United States legal tender note, 1878

The Andrew Jackson presidential dollar coin was released August 14, 2008.

bio: ApCAB; BDC; BDEB; DAB; Drake; EAB; Failor; Limpert; Loubat; NCAB 5; TCBDA; WAB; WWWA-H

Source credit: Pete Smith, American Numismatic Biographies


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